Treatment of HCV and decompensated liver disease after transplantation

The treatment of decompensated liver disease due to recurrent HCV after liver transplantation has been evaluated in a multicentre, prospective study in which 52 patients with Gt 1 or 4 HCV were treated with sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir plus ribavirin for 12 versus 24 weeks (SOLAR-1).[66] The ribavirin starting dose was 600 mg; increased dosing on-treatment was rare. SVR was observed in 85%–88% of patients (45/52) with Child–Pugh B cirrhosis and 60%–75% (6/9) with Child–Pugh C cirrhosis. Response rates were similar with 12 and 24 weeks of treatment. No study has examined a ribavirin-free regimen in post-transplant patients.

There are no prospective clinical trial data that specifically evaluate treatment of post-transplant HCV in people with decompensated cirrhosis and HCV Gt 2, 3, 5 or 6. Until such data are available, we recommend treatment with the regimens used for people with decompensated liver disease before liver transplantation (Table 5).